Welcome to our guide on how to install FreeIPA Server on Ubuntu 20.04|18.04|16.04 Linux system. FreeIPA is a free and open source identity management system for centrally managing users and computers in your network. In this article, we’ll cover both the installation and configuration of FreeIPA Server on Ubuntu 20.04|18.04|16.04 Linux.
There are few pre-requisites to the installation of FreeIPA Server on Ubuntu 20.04|18.04|16.04 Linux server.
Before you can install FreeIPA server, ensure that the following minimum requirements are met;
- A fully-qualified domain name – e.g ipa.computingforgeeks.com.
- The hostname must be resolvable. If you don’t a DNS server, you can define your hostname in the hosts file.
- 4GB of RAM
- 10GB disk space
- 2 vCPUs
Install FreeIPA Server on Ubuntu 20.04|18.04|16.04
Well, before we start the installation of FreeIPA Server on Ubuntu 20.04|18.04|16.04, let’s do a little bit of in-house preparation.
Step 1: Set Proper hostname and FQDN
Set proper hostname for your server
$ hostname -f ipa
This doesn’t look good. Let us make it fully qualified.
sudo hostnamectl set-hostname ipa.example.com
Confirm your new hostname.
$ hostname -f ipa.example.com
Add your FQDN in the /etc/hosts file to make it resolvable from anywhere:
$ sudo vim /etc/hosts 192.168.58.121 ipa.example.com ipa
Step 2: Update your Ubuntu server
Ensure your system us updated.
sudo apt -y update sudo apt -y upgrade
It is always recommended to do a reboot after the server is upgraded.
Step 3: Install rng-tools
FreeIPA server performs a lot of cryptographic operations while running and thus your VM must have enough entropy to ensure FreeIPA cryptographic operations doesn’t stall. To achieve high entropy, install and configure rng-tools.
sudo apt -y install rng-tools
Once the installation is done, edit the file, /etc/default/rng-tools and set the input source for random data as /dev/urandom by adding the line, HRNGDEVICE=/dev/urandom as shown;
$ sudo vim /etc/default/rng-tools # This is a POSIX shell fragment # Set to the input source for random data, leave undefined # for the initscript to attempt auto-detection. Set to /dev/null # for the viapadlock and tpm drivers. #HRNGDEVICE=/dev/hwrng #HRNGDEVICE=/dev/null HRNGDEVICE=/dev/urandom
Enable and start the rng-tools:
sudo systemctl enable rng-tools sudo systemctl start rng-tools
Now that our server is prerequisite compliant, let us get the actual installation of FreeIPA Server on Ubuntu 20.04/18.04 / Ubuntu 16.04 Linux.
Step 4: Install FreeIPA Server on Ubuntu 20.04/18.04 / Ubuntu 16.04
Run the following command to install FreeIPA packages on your Ubuntu server.
sudo apt -y install freeipa-server
In the mid of installation, you will be prompted to enter the Kerberos realm, the hostnames of Kerberos servers and the hostname of the administrative server for the Kerberos realm.
- Kerberos realm: COMPUTINGFORGEEKS.COM
- Kerberos Server hostname: ipa.computingforgeeks.com
- Administrative server hostname: ipa.computingforgeeks.com
If you encounter errors relating to Kerberos and tomcat, you can safely ignore them.
After the installation is complete, run the FreeIPA installation command.
This will prompt you for a number of configuration options and install FreeIPA. The first prompt will be about FreeIPA’s integrated DNS and since we do not need this service in this setup, then we can’t configure it.
To accept the default options shown in square brackets, just press Enter key.… Do you want to configure integrated DNS (BIND)? [no]: Enter Enter the fully qualified domain name of the computer on which you're setting up server software. Using the form <hostname>.<domainname> Example: master.example.com. Server host name [ipa.computingforgeeks.com]: Enter The domain name has been determined based on the host name. Please confirm the domain name [computingforgeeks.com]: Enter The kerberos protocol requires a Realm name to be defined. This is typically the domain name converted to uppercase. Please provide a realm name [COMPUTINGFORGEEKS.COM]: Enter Certain directory server operations require an administrative user. This user is referred to as the Directory Manager and has full access to the Directory for system management tasks and will be added to the instance of directory server created for IPA. The password must be at least 8 characters long Directory Manager password: <secure password> Password (confirm): <secure password> The IPA server requires an administrative user, named 'admin'. This user is a regular system account used for IPA server administration. IPA admin password: <secure password> Password (confirm): <secure password> The IPA Master Server will be configured with: Hostname: ipa.computingforgeeks.com IP address(es): 192.168.58.121 Domain name: computingforgeeks.com Realm name: COMPUTINGFORGEEKS.COM The CA will be configured with: Subject DN: CN=Certificate Authority,O=COMPUTINGFORGEEKS.COM Subject base: O=COMPUTINGFORGEEKS.COM Chaining: self-signed Continue to configure the system with these values? [no]: yes ...output cut… Client configuration complete. The ipa-client-install command was successful ============================================================================== Setup complete Next steps:
1.You must make sure these network ports are open: TCP Ports: * 80, 443: HTTP/HTTPS * 389, 636: LDAP/LDAPS * 88, 464: kerberos UDP Ports: * 88, 464: kerberos * 123: ntp
2You can now obtain a kerberos ticket using the command: 'kinit admin' This ticket will allow you to use the IPA tools (e.g., ipa user-add) and the web user interface.
Now that the FreeIPA server setup is complete, open the ports required for various FreeIPA server services through the firewall.
If you ufw is not running, you can enable it and allow all incoming connections to the above ports.
Step 5: Configure Firewall
Enable ufw if you have it installed.
sudo ufw enable
Open all required TCP ports
for i in 80 443 389 636 88 464; do sudo ufw allow proto tcp from any to any port $i; done
Do the same for UDP ports.
for i in 88 464 123; do sudo ufw allow proto udp from any to any port $i; done
Reload ufw after making the changes.
sudo ufw reload
Now that the ports have been opened through the firewall, let us verify our FreeIPA server by initializing a Kerberos token for the admin user.
For the normal administrative activity, an administrative account admin has been created. When prompted for the password, use the one you specified during the configuration step for the admin user.
# kinit admin Password for [email protected]:
Check Kerberos tickets:
[email protected]:~# klist Ticket cache: KEYRING:persistent:0:0 Default principal: [email protected] Valid starting Expires Service principal 06/29/18 22:52:40 06/30/18 22:52:36 krbtgt/[email protected]
If that is successful, try to find if the user admin, exists on the FreeIPA server.
# ipa user-find admin -------------- 1 user matched -------------- User login: admin Last name: Administrator Home directory: /home/admin Login shell: /bin/bash Principal alias: [email protected] UID: 1506000000 GID: 1506000000 Account disabled: False ---------------------------- Number of entries returned 1 ----------------------------
Well, seems like all is well. You can now perform any IPA tasks from web dashboard as well as from command line. To login to web dashboard, use the address https://ipa.example.com
The web login username is admin and the password is the one supplied during the configuration step for the admin user.
The next view will look similar to below.
IPA Server information:
You were successful in installing FreeIPA Server on Ubuntu 20.04/18.04/16.04, next configuration is FreeIPA Client.