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Question: How can I install MySQL 5.7 on Fedora 32/31/30/29?. MySQL is the most robust production-grade RDBMS based on Structured Query Language (SQL). Its development is backed by Oracle Corporation. With its proven reliability, performance, and ease-of-use, MySQL has become the leading database choice for web-based applications.

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Step 1: Install MySQL 5.7 on Fedora 32/31/30/29

The packages for MySQL 5.7 are available on Oracle upstream repositories for Fedora. Add the repository using the following commands – specific to each distribution.

Add MySQL 8.0 repository to Fedora 32

sudo dnf -y install https://dev.mysql.com/get/mysql80-community-release-fc32-1.noarch.rpm

Add MySQL 8.0 repository to Fedora 31

sudo dnf -y install https://repo.mysql.com//mysql80-community-release-fc31-1.noarch.rpm

For Fedora 30:

sudo dnf -y install https://repo.mysql.com//mysql80-community-release-fc30-1.noarch.rpm

For Fedora 29:

sudo dnf -y install https://repo.mysql.com//mysql80-community-release-fc29-2.noarch.rpm

The commands above will add repository contents to the file /etc/yum.repos.d/mysql-community.repo.

The default package mysql-community-server installed is for MySQL 8. To install MySQL 5.7 on Fedora 32/31/30/29.

Disable MySQL 8 repository:

sudo dnf config-manager --disable mysql80-community

Then enable channel for MySQL 5.7.

sudo dnf config-manager --enable mysql57-community

Then install MySQL 5.7 on Fedora:

sudo dnf install mysql-community-server

Press “y” key to start the installation.

...........................................
Transaction Summary
Install  49 Packages
Total download size: 214 M
Installed size: 970 M
Is this ok [y/N]: y

Also Agree to add GPG key.

Importing GPG key 0x5072E1F5:
 Userid     : "MySQL Release Engineering <[email protected]>"
 Fingerprint: A4A9 4068 76FC BD3C 4567 70C8 8C71 8D3B 5072 E1F5
 From       : /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-mysql
Is this ok [y/N]: y

If this fails add repository for MySQL 5.7 manually:

sudo tee /etc/yum.repos.d/mysql-community-5.7.repo<<EOF
# Enable to use MySQL 5.7
[mysql57-community]
name=MySQL 5.7 Community Server
baseurl=http://repo.mysql.com/yum/mysql-5.7-community/el/7/x86_64/
enabled=1
gpgcheck=0
EOF

Then install MySQL 5.7 on Fedora 32/31/30/29:

sudo dnf config-manager --disable mysql80-community
sudo dnf config-manager --enable mysql57-community
sudo dnf install mysql-community-server

Hit the Y key to start installation:

Transaction Summary
==================================================================================================================================================================
Install  48 Packages

Total download size: 213 M
Installed size: 914 M
Is this ok [y/N]: y

To view installed package specific details, use:

$ rpm -qi mysql-community-server
Name        : mysql-community-server
Version     : 5.7.31
Release     : 1.el7
Architecture: x86_64
Install Date: Mon 21 Sep 2020 10:33:07 AM UTC
Group       : Applications/Databases
Size        : 798880218
License     : Copyright (c) 2000, 2020, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Under GPLv2 license as shown in the Description field.
Signature   : DSA/SHA1, Wed 03 Jun 2020 10:08:07 AM UTC, Key ID 8c718d3b5072e1f5
Source RPM  : mysql-community-5.7.31-1.el7.src.rpm
Build Date  : Tue 02 Jun 2020 11:48:16 AM UTC
Build Host  : siv27.no.oracle.com
Packager    : MySQL Release Engineering <[email protected]>
Vendor      : Oracle and/or its affiliates
URL         : http://www.mysql.com/
Summary     : A very fast and reliable SQL database server

Step 2: Configure MySQL 5.7 on Fedora 32/31/30/29.

2.1 – After the installation, start mysqld service.

sudo systemctl enable --now mysqld.service

2.2 – Copy the generated random password for the root user:

sudo grep 'A temporary password' /var/log/mysqld.log |tail -1

Take note of the printed password:

2019-05-08T16:59:02.412078Z 1 [Note] A temporary password is generated for [email protected]: -gv9kyqud*,U

2.3 – Start MySQL Secure Installation to change the root password, Disallow root login remotely, remove anonymous users and remove test database.

$ sudo mysql_secure_installation
Securing the MySQL server deployment.
Enter password for user root:

Authenticate with your generated temporary password. This will ask you to set a new password for the root user.

Change the password for root ? ((Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) : Yes

New password: 
Re-enter new password: 

Estimated strength of the password: 100 
Do you wish to continue with the password provided?: Yes

Remove anonymous users?: Yes
Success.

Disallow root login remotely? : Yes
Success.

Remove test database and access to it? : Yes
 - Dropping test database...
Success.
 - Removing privileges on test database...
Success.

Reload privilege tables now? (Press y|Y for Yes) : Yes
Success.

All done!

You can use online password generator to get a complex password.

2.4 – Connect to MySQL Database as root user and create a test database.

$ mysql -u root -p
Enter password:
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 5
Server version: 5.7.31 MySQL Community Server (GPL)

Copyright (c) 2000, 2020, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective
owners.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

mysql> SELECT VERSION();
+-----------+
| VERSION() |
+-----------+
| 5.7.31    |
+-----------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> \q
Bye


2.5 – Create a test database and user:

mysql> CREATE DATABASE test_db;
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.09 sec)

mysql> CREATE USER 'test_user'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY "Strong34S;#";
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.04 sec)

mysql> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON test_db.* TO 'test_user'@'localhost';
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.02 sec)

mysql> FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.02 sec)


This test database and user can be dropped by running:

mysql> DROP DATABASE test_db;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.14 sec)

mysql> DROP USER 'test_user'@'localhost';
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.11 sec)

mysql> show databases;
+--------------------+
| Database           |
+--------------------+
| information_schema |
| mysql              |
| performance_schema |
| sys                |
+--------------------+
4 rows in set (0.01 sec)

mysql> QUIT
Bye

Step 3: Configure Firewall

To allow for remote connections, allow port 3306 on the firewall

sudo firewall-cmd --add-service=mysql --permanent
sudo firewall-cmd --reload

You can also limit access from trusted networks

sudo firewall-cmd --permanent --add-rich-rule 'rule family="ipv4" \
service name="mysql" source address="10.10.10.0/24" accept'

Thanks for installing MySQL 5.7 on Fedora 32/31/30/29 using our guide. Until next time, stay connected.

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Other MySQL articles:

How To Install MySQL 8 on Fedora

How to convert all MySQL tables from MyISAM into InnoDB Storage engine

How to solve “MySQL server is running with the –secure-file-priv” Error

How to find database sizes in MySQL/MariaDB Database Server

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