How can I install MariaDB 10.5 on Ubuntu 20.04 (Focal Fossa) server?. MariaDB is a popular drop-in replacement of MySQL database server with more features, new storage engines, and better performance. You can check a complete list of MariaDB 10.5 features from the official website. The MariaDB database server is published as free and open source software under the General Public License version 2
Install MariaDB 10.5 on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS
To install MariaDB 10.5 on Ubuntu 20.04, you need to add MariaDB repository on to the system. Then the installation of MariaDB 10.5 on Ubuntu 20.04 will be done from the APT repository added without any issues.
Step 1: Update System
Ensure your system is updated and install software-properties-common package.
sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade sudo apt -y install software-properties-common
Step 2: Import MariaDB gpg key:
Run the command below to add Repository Key to the system:
sudo apt-key adv --fetch-keys 'https://mariadb.org/mariadb_release_signing_key.asc'
Step 3: Add MariaDB APT repository
After importation of repository GPG key, add the APT repository by running the following command:
sudo add-apt-repository 'deb [arch=amd64] http://mariadb.mirror.globo.tech/repo/10.5/ubuntu focal main'
Command execution output:
Hit:1 http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-security InRelease Hit:2 http://nova.clouds.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal InRelease Get:3 http://mariadb.mirror.globo.tech/repo/10.5/ubuntu focal InRelease [3202 B] Hit:4 http://nova.clouds.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-updates InRelease Hit:5 http://nova.clouds.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-backports InRelease Get:6 http://mariadb.mirror.globo.tech/repo/10.5/ubuntu focal/main amd64 Packages [7924 B] Fetched 11.1 kB in 1s (15.6 kB/s) Reading package lists... Done
Step 4: Install MariaDB Server on 20.04 Linux
The last step is the installation of MariaDB Server:
sudo apt update sudo apt install mariadb-server mariadb-client
Hit the y key to accept installation of MariaDB 10.5 on Ubuntu 20.04 Linux.
The following additional packages will be installed: galera-4 libcgi-fast-perl libcgi-pm-perl libdbd-mariadb-perl libdbi-perl libencode-locale-perl libfcgi-perl libhtml-parser-perl libhtml-tagset-perl libhtml-template-perl libhttp-date-perl libhttp-message-perl libio-html-perl liblwp-mediatypes-perl libmariadb3 libmysqlclient21 libterm-readkey-perl libtimedate-perl liburi-perl mariadb-client-10.5 mariadb-client-core-10.5 mariadb-common mariadb-server-10.5 mariadb-server-core-10.5 mysql-common socat Suggested packages: libclone-perl libmldbm-perl libnet-daemon-perl libsql-statement-perl libdata-dump-perl libipc-sharedcache-perl libwww-perl mailx mariadb-test tinyca The following NEW packages will be installed: galera-4 libcgi-fast-perl libcgi-pm-perl libdbd-mariadb-perl libdbi-perl libencode-locale-perl libfcgi-perl libhtml-parser-perl libhtml-tagset-perl libhtml-template-perl libhttp-date-perl libhttp-message-perl libio-html-perl liblwp-mediatypes-perl libmariadb3 libmysqlclient21 libterm-readkey-perl libtimedate-perl liburi-perl mariadb-client mariadb-client-10.5 mariadb-client-core-10.5 mariadb-common mariadb-server mariadb-server-10.5 mariadb-server-core-10.5 mysql-common socat 0 upgraded, 28 newly installed, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded. Need to get 29.5 MB of archives. After this operation, 229 MB of additional disk space will be used. Do you want to continue? [Y/n] y
Step 5: Secure MariaDB Server on 20.04 Linux
You have to manually run the MySQL hardening script.
$ sudo mysql_secure_installation NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MariaDB SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE! PLEASE READ EACH STEP CAREFULLY! In order to log into MariaDB to secure it, we'll need the current password for the root user. If you've just installed MariaDB, and haven't set the root password yet, you should just press enter here. Enter current password for root (enter for none): OK, successfully used password, moving on... Setting the root password or using the unix_socket ensures that nobody can log into the MariaDB root user without the proper authorisation. You already have your root account protected, so you can safely answer 'n'. Switch to unix_socket authentication [Y/n] y Enabled successfully! Reloading privilege tables.. ... Success! You already have your root account protected, so you can safely answer 'n'. Change the root password? [Y/n] y New password: Re-enter new password: Password updated successfully! Reloading privilege tables.. ... Success! By default, a MariaDB installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone to log into MariaDB without having to have a user account created for them. This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation go a bit smoother. You should remove them before moving into a production environment. Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y ... Success! Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from 'localhost'. This ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network. Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y ... Success! By default, MariaDB comes with a database named 'test' that anyone can access. This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed before moving into a production environment. Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y - Dropping test database... ... Success! - Removing privileges on test database... ... Success! Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far will take effect immediately. Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y ... Success! Cleaning up... All done! If you've completed all of the above steps, your MariaDB installation should now be secure. Thanks for using MariaDB!
The database service should be started automatically after installation.
$ systemctl status mysql ● mariadb.service - MariaDB 10.5.2 database server Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/mariadb.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled) Drop-In: /etc/systemd/system/mariadb.service.d └─migrated-from-my.cnf-settings.conf Active: active (running) since Sat 2020-04-25 23:57:39 UTC; 2min 8s ago Docs: man:mysqld(8) https://mariadb.com/kb/en/library/systemd/ Main PID: 4309 (mysqld) Status: "Taking your SQL requests now..." Tasks: 11 (limit: 2344) Memory: 82.5M CGroup: /system.slice/mariadb.service └─4309 /usr/sbin/mysqld Apr 25 23:57:44 ubuntu20 /etc/mysql/debian-start: mysql Apr 25 23:57:44 ubuntu20 /etc/mysql/debian-start: performance_schema Apr 25 23:57:44 ubuntu20 /etc/mysql/debian-start: Phase 6/7: Checking and upgrading tables Apr 25 23:57:44 ubuntu20 /etc/mysql/debian-start: Processing databases Apr 25 23:57:44 ubuntu20 /etc/mysql/debian-start: information_schema Apr 25 23:57:44 ubuntu20 /etc/mysql/debian-start: performance_schema Apr 25 23:57:44 ubuntu20 /etc/mysql/debian-start: Phase 7/7: Running 'FLUSH PRIVILEGES' Apr 25 23:57:44 ubuntu20 /etc/mysql/debian-start: OK Apr 25 23:57:44 ubuntu20 /etc/mysql/debian-start: Checking for insecure root accounts. Apr 25 23:57:44 ubuntu20 /etc/mysql/debian-start: Triggering myisam-recover for all MyISAM tables and aria-recover for all Aria tables
Test login to MariaDB shell using
$ mysql -u root -p Enter password: Welcome to the MariaDB monitor. Commands end with ; or \g. Your MariaDB connection id is 56 Server version: 10.5.2-MariaDB-1:10.5.2+maria~focal-log mariadb.org binary distribution Copyright (c) 2000, 2018, Oracle, MariaDB Corporation Ab and others. Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement. MariaDB [(none)]>
Check version using the command:
MariaDB [(none)]> SELECT VERSION(); +-----------------------------------------+ | VERSION() | +-----------------------------------------+ | 10.5.2-MariaDB-1:10.5.2+maria~focal-log | +-----------------------------------------+ 1 row in set (0.000 sec) MariaDB [(none)]>
Step 5: Install Desktop Database Management Tool
If working with MySQL command line is not your thing, then consider installing a Database Tool to help you. Check out our guide below:
Good MySQL Books to read:
- Murach’s MySQL (3rd Edition)
- MySQL (5th Edition) (Developer’s Library)
- MySQL Explained: Your Step By Step Guide to Database Design
- Getting Started With SQL – A Hands-On Approach for Beginners – a simple, to-the-point introductory read that’ll touch on the practical implications of SQL. Here, a reader gets introduced concisely to all the basics of the language;
- Head First SQL – Your Brain on SQL – A Learner’s Guide;
- SQL Cookbook: Query Solutions and Database Techniques for Database Developers – a book is full of hacks and tips that can be applied in day-to-day database management;
- Teach Yourself MS SQL Server – a fairly old book, yet, it covers all the aspects of SQL Server on a high level;
- Effective SQL – an easy-to-read guide book that explores SQL features. Keep in mind that you might need some SQL knowledge to apply the ideas that have been laid out.