Are you looking for a complete guide on how to install MariaDB 10.3 on openSUSE 15?. MariaDB is a drop-in replacement for MySQL. It is a robust, resilient, scalable and reliable RDBMS with features previously only available in costly proprietary databases.
The latest stable release as of this writing is MariaDB 10.3. This version is available from MariaDB maintained repositories for Ubuntu/Debian/CentOS/Fedora/SUSE. Install MariaDB 10.3 on openSUSE 15 now and enjoy its breadth of features.
Step 1: Add MariaDB ZYpp repository
MariaDB Corporation provides a MariaDB Package Repository for several Linux distributions that use
zypper to manage packages. Add ZYpp repository for MariaDB by running the following commands.
sudo zypper addrepo --gpgcheck --refresh https://yum.mariadb.org/10.3/sles/15/x86_64 mariadb
Adding repository 'mariadb' ..............................................[done] Repository 'mariadb' successfully added URI : https://yum.mariadb.org/10.3/sles/15/x86_64 Enabled : Yes GPG Check : Yes Autorefresh : Yes Priority : 99 (default priority) Repository priorities are without effect. All enabled repositories share the same priority.
You also need to fetch repository GPG key.
sudo rpm --import https://yum.mariadb.org/RPM-GPG-KEY-MariaDB sudo zypper --gpg-auto-import-keys refresh
Step 2: Install MariaDB 10.3 on openSUSE 15
zypper repository is configured, you can install MariaDB packages using zypper. The added repository contains software packages related to MariaDB Server, including the server itself, clients and utilities, client libraries, plugins, and Mariabackup
To install MariaDB Server and client with ZYpp, run:
sudo zypper install MariaDB-server MariaDB-client
When prompted, press “y” to agree to installation.
Step 3: Start mariadb service
After the installation, start MariaDB service and set it to start at boot.
sudo systemctl enable --now mariadb
Confirm the service is running.
$ systemctl status mariadb.service ● mariadb.service - MariaDB 10.3.15 database server Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/mariadb.service; enabled; vendor pre> Drop-In: /etc/systemd/system/mariadb.service.d └─migrated-from-my.cnf-settings.conf Active: active (running) since Thu 2019-05-30 03:20:05 EDT; 13s ago Docs: man:mysqld(8) https://mariadb.com/kb/en/library/systemd/ Process: 3517 ExecStartPost=/bin/sh -c systemctl unset-environment _WSREP_STA> Process: 3476 ExecStartPre=/bin/sh -c [ ! -e /usr/bin/galera_recovery ] && VA> Process: 3475 ExecStartPre=/bin/sh -c systemctl unset-environment _WSREP_STAR> Main PID: 3486 (mysqld) Status: "Taking your SQL requests now..." Tasks: 30 (limit: 19660) CGroup: /system.slice/mariadb.service └─3486 /usr/sbin/mysqld
To Install the most common packages, execute the following command:
sudo zypper install galera MariaDB-shared MariaDB-backup MariaDB-common
Step 4: Secure MariaDB installation
If you’re running your server in production, it is recommended to run security script to set password for root user, remove test database and disable remote login for root user.
Secure your database by running the following script.
$ mysql_secure_installation NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MariaDB SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE! PLEASE READ EACH STEP CAREFULLY! In order to log into MariaDB to secure it, we'll need the current password for the root user. If you've just installed MariaDB, and you haven't set the root password yet, the password will be blank, so you should just press enter here. Enter current password for root (enter for none): OK, successfully used password, moving on... Setting the root password ensures that nobody can log into the MariaDB root user without the proper authorisation. Set root password? [Y/n] y New password: <ENTER NEW PASSWORD> Re-enter new password: <CONFIRM PASSWORD> Password updated successfully! Reloading privilege tables.. ... Success! By default, a MariaDB installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone to log into MariaDB without having to have a user account created for them. This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation go a bit smoother. You should remove them before moving into a production environment. Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y ... Success! Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from 'localhost'. This ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network. Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y ... Success! By default, MariaDB comes with a database named 'test' that anyone can access. This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed before moving into a production environment. Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y - Dropping test database... ... Success! - Removing privileges on test database... ... Success! Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far will take effect immediately. Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y ... Success! Cleaning up... All done! If you've completed all of the above steps, your MariaDB installation should now be secure. Thanks for using MariaDB!
- Set Database root user password
- Remove anonymous users
- Disallow root user remote logins
- Remove test database and access to it
For just setting root password, the following command syntax should work for new installation.
/usr/bin/mysqladmin -u root password 'new-password' /usr/bin/mysqladmin -u root -h linux-bswe password 'new-password'
When done, test access using the root user – without a password.
$ mysql -u root ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user 'root'@'localhost' (using password: NO)
As seen, you need to authenticate to access database console as a root user.
Confirm MariaDB version.
MariaDB [(none)]> SELECT VERSION(); +-----------------+ | VERSION() | +-----------------+ | 10.3.15-MariaDB | +-----------------+ 1 row in set (0.000 sec) MariaDB [(none)]>
You now have MariaDB 10.3 installed on openSUSE 15. Start working on your projects powered by MariaDB RDMS.
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