How do I install MariaDB 10.4 on Ubuntu 18.04 / Ubuntu 16.04?. Can I install MariaDB 10.4 on Ubuntu 18.04 / Ubuntu 16.04 from APT repository?. MariaDB is a drop-in replacement of MySQL with more features, new storage engines, and better performance. You can read more on MariaDB 10.4 features from the official website.
For CentOS 7, check: How to Install MariaDB 10.4 on CentOS 7
For Debian 9 : How to Install MariaDB 10.4 on Debian 9
Debian 10: Install MariaDB on Debian 10
Install MariaDB 10.4 on Ubuntu 18.04 / Ubuntu 16.04
To install MariaDB 10.4 on Ubuntu 18.04 / Ubuntu 16.04, you need to add MariaDB repository on to the system.
Step 1: Install software-properties-common if missing:
sudo apt update sudo apt-get install software-properties-common
Step 2: Import MariaDB gpg key:
Run the command below to add Repository Key to the system
sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver hkp://keyserver.ubuntu.com:80 0xF1656F24C74CD1D8
Step 3: Add the apt repository
Once the PGP key is imported, proceed to add repository URL:
sudo add-apt-repository "deb [arch=amd64,arm64,ppc64el] http://mariadb.mirror.liquidtelecom.com/repo/10.4/ubuntu $(lsb_release -cs) main"
If you don’t have
add-apt-repository present in your system. check How to Install add-apt-repository on Debian / Ubuntu 18.04/16.04
Step 4: Install MariaDB Server on Ubuntu 18.04 / Ubuntu 16.04
The last step is the installation of MariaDB Server:
sudo apt update sudo apt -y install mariadb-server mariadb-client
You will be prompted to provide MariaDB root password, type the password to set.
Press <Ok> to confirm the new password and install MariaDB. Make sure you memorize or keep provided password on your favorite password manager.
If you didn’t receive password set prompt, then manually run the MySQL hardening script.
$ sudo mysql_secure_installation NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MariaDB SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE! PLEASE READ EACH STEP CAREFULLY! In order to log into MariaDB to secure it, we'll need the current password for the root user. If you've just installed MariaDB, and haven't set the root password yet, you should just press enter here. Enter current password for root (enter for none): OK, successfully used password, moving on... Setting the root password or using the unix_socket ensures that nobody can log into the MariaDB root user without the proper authorisation. You already have your root account protected, so you can safely answer 'n'. Switch to unix_socket authentication [Y/n] y Enabled successfully! Reloading privilege tables.. ... Success! You already have your root account protected, so you can safely answer 'n'. Change the root password? [Y/n] y New password: Re-enter new password: Password updated successfully! Reloading privilege tables.. ... Success! By default, a MariaDB installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone to log into MariaDB without having to have a user account created for them. This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation go a bit smoother. You should remove them before moving into a production environment. Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y ... Success! Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from 'localhost'. This ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network. Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y ... Success! By default, MariaDB comes with a database named 'test' that anyone can access. This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed before moving into a production environment. Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y - Dropping test database... ... Success! - Removing privileges on test database... ... Success! Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far will take effect immediately. Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y ... Success! Cleaning up... All done! If you've completed all of the above steps, your MariaDB installation should now be secure. Thanks for using MariaDB!
The service should be started automatically after installation.
$ sudo systemctl status mysql * mariadb.service - MariaDB 10.4.1 database server Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/mariadb.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled) Drop-In: /etc/systemd/system/mariadb.service.d `-migrated-from-my.cnf-settings.conf Active: active (running) since Tue 2018-12-25 08:26:18 PST; 24min ago Docs: man:mysqld(8) https://mariadb.com/kb/en/library/systemd/ Main PID: 7564 (mysqld) Status: "Taking your SQL requests now..." Tasks: 32 (limit: 1110) CGroup: /system.slice/mariadb.service `-7564 /usr/sbin/mysqld Dec 25 08:26:23 ubuntu-01 /etc/mysql/debian-start: Running 'mysqlcheck' with connection arguments: --port='3306' --socket='/var/run/mysqld/mysqld Dec 25 08:26:23 ubuntu-01 /etc/mysql/debian-start: # Connecting to localhost... Dec 25 08:26:23 ubuntu-01 /etc/mysql/debian-start: # Disconnecting from localhost... Dec 25 08:26:23 ubuntu-01 /etc/mysql/debian-start: Processing databases Dec 25 08:26:23 ubuntu-01 /etc/mysql/debian-start: information_schema Dec 25 08:26:23 ubuntu-01 /etc/mysql/debian-start: performance_schema Dec 25 08:26:23 ubuntu-01 /etc/mysql/debian-start: Phase 7/7: Running 'FLUSH PRIVILEGES' Dec 25 08:26:23 ubuntu-01 /etc/mysql/debian-start: OK Dec 25 08:26:23 ubuntu-01 /etc/mysql/debian-start: Checking for insecure root accounts. Dec 25 08:26:23 ubuntu-01 /etc/mysql/debian-start: Triggering myisam-recover for all MyISAM tables and aria-recover for all Aria tables
Test login to MariaDB shell using
$ mysql -u root -p Enter password: Welcome to the MariaDB monitor. Commands end with ; or \g. Your MariaDB connection id is 47 Server version: 10.4.1-MariaDB-1:10.4.1+maria~bionic-log mariadb.org binary distribution Copyright (c) 2000, 2018, Oracle, MariaDB Corporation Ab and others. Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement. MariaDB [(none)]>
Check version using the command:
MariaDB [(none)]> SELECT VERSION(); +------------------------------------------+ | VERSION() | +------------------------------------------+ | 10.4.1-MariaDB-1:10.4.1+maria~bionic-log | +------------------------------------------+ 1 row in set (0.001 sec) MariaDB [(none)]> QUIT Bye
Step 5: Install Desktop Database Management Tool
That’s all. Enjoy using MariaDB 10.4 on Ubuntu 18.04 / Ubuntu 16.04.
Best MySQL Study books:
- Murach’s MySQL (3rd Edition)
- MySQL (5th Edition) (Developer’s Library)
- MySQL Explained: Your Step By Step Guide to Database Design
- Getting Started With SQL – A Hands-On Approach for Beginners – a simple, to-the-point introductory read that’ll touch on the practical implications of SQL. Here, a reader gets introduced concisely to all the basics of the language;
- Head First SQL – Your Brain on SQL – A Learner’s Guide;
- SQL Cookbook: Query Solutions and Database Techniques for Database Developers – a book is full of hacks and tips that can be applied in day-to-day database management;
- Teach Yourself MS SQL Server – a fairly old book, yet, it covers all the aspects of SQL Server on a high level;
- Effective SQL – an easy-to-read guide book that explores SQL features. Keep in mind that you might need some SQL knowledge to apply the ideas that have been laid out.