(Last Updated On: December 26, 2018)

How do I install MariaDB 10.4 on Ubuntu 18.04 / Ubuntu 16.04?. Can I install MariaDB 10.4 on Ubuntu 18.04 / Ubuntu 16.04 from APT repository?. MariaDB is a drop-in replacement of MySQL with more features, new storage engines, and better performance. As of this writing, MariaDB 10.4 is available in the Beta release. You can read more on MariaDB 10.4 features from the official website.

For CentOS 7, check: How to Install MariaDB 10.4 on CentOS 7

For Debian 9 / Debian 8: How to Install MariaDB 10.4 on Debian 9 / Debian 8

Install MariaDB 10.4 on Ubuntu 18.04 / Ubuntu 16.04

To install MariaDB 10.3 on Ubuntu 18.04 / Ubuntu 16.04, you need to add MariaDB repository on to the system.

Step 1: Install software-properties-common if missing:

sudo apt-get install software-properties-common

Step 2: Import MariaDB gpg key:

Run the command below to add Repository Key to the system

sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver hkp://keyserver.ubuntu.com:80 0xF1656F24C74CD1D8

Step 3: Add the apt repository

Once the PGP key is imported, proceed to add repository URL:

sudo add-apt-repository "deb [arch=amd64,arm64,ppc64el] http://mariadb.mirror.liquidtelecom.com/repo/10.4/ubuntu $(lsb_release -cs) main"

If you don’t have add-apt-repository present in your system. check  How to Install add-apt-repository on Debian 9 / Ubuntu 18.04/16.04

Step 4: Install MariaDB Server on Ubuntu 18.04 / Ubuntu 16.04

The last step is the installation of MariaDB Server:

sudo apt update
sudo apt -y install mariadb-server mariadb-client

You will be prompted to provide MariaDB root password, type the password to set.

Confirm password:

Press <Ok> to confirm the new password and install MariaDB. Make sure you memorize or keep provided password on your favorite password manager.

The service should be started automatically after installation.

$ sudo systemctl status mysql
* mariadb.service - MariaDB 10.4.1 database server
   Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/mariadb.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled)
  Drop-In: /etc/systemd/system/mariadb.service.d
           `-migrated-from-my.cnf-settings.conf
   Active: active (running) since Tue 2018-12-25 08:26:18 PST; 24min ago
     Docs: man:mysqld(8)
           https://mariadb.com/kb/en/library/systemd/
 Main PID: 7564 (mysqld)
   Status: "Taking your SQL requests now..."
    Tasks: 32 (limit: 1110)
   CGroup: /system.slice/mariadb.service
           `-7564 /usr/sbin/mysqld

Dec 25 08:26:23 ubuntu-01 /etc/mysql/debian-start[7604]: Running 'mysqlcheck' with connection arguments: --port='3306' --socket='/var/run/mysqld/mysqld
Dec 25 08:26:23 ubuntu-01 /etc/mysql/debian-start[7604]: # Connecting to localhost...
Dec 25 08:26:23 ubuntu-01 /etc/mysql/debian-start[7604]: # Disconnecting from localhost...
Dec 25 08:26:23 ubuntu-01 /etc/mysql/debian-start[7604]: Processing databases
Dec 25 08:26:23 ubuntu-01 /etc/mysql/debian-start[7604]: information_schema
Dec 25 08:26:23 ubuntu-01 /etc/mysql/debian-start[7604]: performance_schema
Dec 25 08:26:23 ubuntu-01 /etc/mysql/debian-start[7604]: Phase 7/7: Running 'FLUSH PRIVILEGES'
Dec 25 08:26:23 ubuntu-01 /etc/mysql/debian-start[7604]: OK
Dec 25 08:26:23 ubuntu-01 /etc/mysql/debian-start[7706]: Checking for insecure root accounts.
Dec 25 08:26:23 ubuntu-01 /etc/mysql/debian-start[7710]: Triggering myisam-recover for all MyISAM tables and aria-recover for all Aria tables

Test login to MariaDB shell using mysql command:

$ mysql -u root -p
Enter password: 
Welcome to the MariaDB monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MariaDB connection id is 47
Server version: 10.4.1-MariaDB-1:10.4.1+maria~bionic-log mariadb.org binary distribution

Copyright (c) 2000, 2018, Oracle, MariaDB Corporation Ab and others.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.
MariaDB [(none)]>

Check version using the command:

MariaDB [(none)]> SELECT VERSION();
+------------------------------------------+
| VERSION()                                |
+------------------------------------------+
| 10.4.1-MariaDB-1:10.4.1+maria~bionic-log |
+------------------------------------------+
1 row in set (0.001 sec)

MariaDB [(none)]> QUIT
Bye

Step 5: Install Desktop Database Management Tool

If working with MySQL command line is not your thing, then consider installing a Database Tool to help you. Check out our guide below:

Install and Configure DBeaver on Ubuntu 18.04 / Ubuntu 16.04 / Debian 9

That’s all. Enjoy using MariaDB 10.4 on Ubuntu 18.04 / Ubuntu 16.04.