Welcome to today’s guide on how to install Ubuntu 20.04 Desktop (Focal Fossa). Ubuntu 20.04 LTS (Focal Fossa) was released on April 23, 2020. I’ve decided to walk you through a step by step installation of Ubuntu 20.04 LTS (Focal Fossa) with Screenshots. The ‘main‘ archive of Ubuntu 20.04 LTS will be supported for 5 years until April 2025.
Ubuntu 20.04 LTS will be supported for 5 years for Ubuntu Desktop, Ubuntu Server, and Ubuntu Core. All other flavors will be supported for 3 years. The key features of Ubuntu 20.04 (Focal Fossa) release are:
- Linux 5.4 kernel
- GNOME 3.36
- Toolchain: glibc 2.31, rustc 1.41, GCC 9.3,Python 3.8.2, ruby 2.7.0, php 7.4, perl 5.30, golang 1.13, OpenJDK 11
- New graphical boot splash (integrates with the system BIOS logo).
- Mesa 20.0 OpenGL stack
- BlueZ 5.53
- Firefox 75.0
- Thunderbird 68.7.0
- LibreOffice 6.4
- ZFS 0.8.3
- QEMU 4.2
- The Snap Store (snap-store) replaces ubuntu-software as the default tool for finding and installing packages and snaps.
Step 1: Download Ubuntu 20.04 (Focal Fossa) ISO
In this tutorial, we will do the installation of Ubuntu 20.04 LTS (Focal Fossa) Workstation. Before you do the installation, one requirement is to Download Ubuntu 20.04 LTS ISO file.
- Ubuntu 20.04 Desktop – This a polished, easy to use operating system for laptop and desktop computers, with a complete set of tools for developers and makers of all kinds.
- Ubuntu 20.04 Server – The Server edition is a powerful, flexible operating system that includes the best and latest datacenter technologies. It puts you in control of all your infrastructure and services.
- Ubuntu Core – Similar to RHCOS. Minimal OS best for IoT devices.
Step 2: Create a bootable USB device
Once you download your pick, you can create bootable USB if the installation is done on a Laptop or physical server hardware. For Linux/Unix users, dd command can be used for this.
First, identify the name of your USB device partition. Then run the following command replacing sdX with the name of your USB, e.g sdb.
$ sudo dd if=/path/to/image.iso of=/dev/sdX bs=8M status=progress oflag=direct
Wait until the command completes then proceed to boot your system from USB stick.
Step 3: Begin Ubuntu 20.04 (Focal Fossa) Installation process
If installing on KVM, VirtualBox, VMware or any other Virtualization environment, you don’t need a bootable medium. Just attach ISO file to created VM and boot from it.
The first screen will ask you to start Ubuntu 20.04 Live installation – Select “Install Ubuntu“.
In the next screen choose Keyboard Layout and click “Continue“.
Select Apps to install. If doing Desktop installation, I recommend you install third party software for graphics, media e.t.c.
Choose installation type. For new users, go with “Erase disk and install ubuntu“. Experienced users can opt for advanced disk configurations.
Hit “Install Now” button then accept warning for disk formating.
Set timezone for your region.
Set username, machine name and password for the user.
Be patient as the installation begins. Speed is dependent on disk type and internet capacity.
A reboot is required after a successful installation of Ubuntu 20.04 (Focal Fossa).
Login using the next screen.
You can agree to livepatch if you have Canonical account.
Eye candy file manager of Ubuntu 20.04 Linux.
Enjoy using Ubuntu 20.04 (Focal Fossa) for your Server / Desktop needs. More guides on Ubuntu 20.04 will be dropping soon.. Keep visiting our site for updates, informative and educative guides.
- How can I install Ubuntu 20.04 (Focal Fossa) Desktop
- How can I install Ubuntu 20.04 (Focal Fossa) Server
- Ubuntu 20.04 Focal Fossa installation with screenshots