In this guide, we’re going to cover the steps of Installing OpenNebula Front-end on CentOS 7. OpenNebula is a simple but feature-rich and flexible solution that helps you build and manage enterprise clouds and Virtualized Data Centers.
OpenNebula combines existing virtualization technologies like KVM and VMware with advanced features for multi-tenancy, automatic provision, and elasticity. Its aim is to make management of cloud simple. It can be compared with other Cloud Management platforms like Openstack and Cloudstack.
OpenNebula has two main components:
- OpenNebula Front-end – This is the management engine that executes the OpenNebula services.
- OpenNebula Hypervisor Nodes – These are the hypervisors which provide the resources needed by the VMs.
The minimum recommended specs for the OpenNebula front-end are:
|Resources||Minimum Recommended configuration|
|CPU||1 CPU (2 cores)|
|Disk Size||100 GB|
The OpenNebula Front-end machine needs network connectivity to all the hosts, and possibly access to the storage Datastores (either by direct mount or network). The base installation of OpenNebula takes less than 150MB.
Installing OpenNebula Front-end on CentOS 7
Here we’ll walk through all steps to get OpenNebula Front-end engine up and running on a CentOS 7 server. I assume you already have a running instance of CentOS 7, this can be a virtual machine or a physical server.
Step 1: Add OpenNebula and epel repositories
Run the following commands to add epel and OpenNebula repositories on CentOS 7.
$ sudo su - # yum -y install epel-release # cat << EOT > /etc/yum.repos.d/opennebula.repo [opennebula] name=opennebula baseurl=https://downloads.opennebula.org/repo/5.4/CentOS/7/x86_64 enabled=1 gpgkey=https://downloads.opennebula.org/repo/repo.key gpgcheck=1 EOT
Please check the recent version of OpenNebula as you install. As of this writing, the recent version is 5.4.
Step 2: Disable SELinux, do a system update and reboot.
OpenNebula doesn’t work well with SELinux in enforcing mode. Let’s disable it.
setenforce 0 sed -i 's/(^SELINUX=).*/SELINUX=disabled/' /etc/selinux/config cat /etc/selinux/config
Do system update:
$ sudo makecache fast $ sudo yum -y update $ sudo systemctl reboot
Step 3: Install and Configure MySQL database
Since we’re going to configure our OpenNebula to use MySQL instead of SQLite, let’s configure it. First, install MariaDB server and client using the commands:
$ sudo yum -y install mariadb-server mariadb $ sudo systemctl enable mariadb $ sudo systemctl start mariadb
Setup root password for MariaDB using the commands.
$ sudo mysql_secure_installation
Create database and user for OpenNebula.
$ mysql -u root -p create database opennebula; GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON opennebula.* TO 'oneadmin' IDENTIFIED BY 'Aithi8do'; SET GLOBAL TRANSACTION ISOLATION LEVEL READ COMMITTED;
Step 4: Install OpenNebula Front-end packages
These are the packages available on OpenNebula CentOS repository:
opennebula: Command Line Interface.
opennebula-server: Main OpenNebula daemon, scheduler, etc.
opennebula-sunstone: Sunstone (the GUI) and the EC2 API.
opennebula-ruby: Ruby Bindings.
opennebula-java: Java Bindings.
opennebula-gate: OneGate server that enables communication between VMs and OpenNebula.
opennebula-flow: OneFlow manages services and elasticity.
opennebula-node-kvm: Meta-package that installs the oneadmin user, libvirt and kvm.
opennebula-common: Common files for OpenNebula packages.
$ sudo yum -y install opennebula opennebula-server \ opennebula-sunstone opennebula-ruby opennebula-gate \ opennebula-flow
You can confirm the list of installed packages using:
# rpm -qai | grep openne | grep Name | cut -d: -f2 opennebula-flow opennebula opennebula-server opennebula-gate opennebula-common opennebula-ruby opennebula-sunstone
Step 5: Ruby Runtime Installation.
Some OpenNebula components need Ruby libraries. OpenNebula provides a script that installs the required gems as well as some development libraries packages needed.
As root execute:
You’ll get a prompt asking you to select OS and confirm.
Select your distribution or press enter to continue without installing dependencies. 0. Ubuntu/Debian 1. CentOS/RedHat/Scientific
Select 1 and press enter on next prompt.
Step 6: Configure OpenNebula DB
Then open oned.conf file and edit to add MySQL db settings.
Uncomment the line:
DB = [ BACKEND = "sqlite" ]
DB = [ backend = "mysql", server = "localhost", port = 0, user = "oneadmin", passwd = "Aithi8do", db_name = "opennebula" ]
Replace Aithi8do with the password you specified earlier for the DB. Confirm that the user can log in to DB.
$ mysql -u oneadmin -p
Step 7: Configure oneadmin credentials
A randomly generated file is usually placed on the file /var/lib/one/.one/one_auth.
# cat /var/lib/one/.one/one_auth oneadmin:b82f13701914afc9e3c6aea69f180109
If you need to change the password, do it here.
# su - oneadmin $ echo "oneadmin:mypassword" > ~/.one/one_auth
This will set the oneadmin password on the first boot. From that point, you must use the command below to change oneadmin’s password.
$ oneuser passwd
Step 8: Configure Firewall
We’re close to the final step. We need to configure the firewall to allow specific ports required by OpenNebula.
Check if you have firewalld service active.
# firewall-cmd --state running
If running, open the port required to access Sunstone web interface.
firewall-cmd --add-port=9869/tcp --permanent firewall-cmd --reload
Step 9: Start OpenNebula daemons.
Used systemd service management command to start OpenNebula services.
systemctl start opennebula opennebula-sunstone systemctl enable opennebula opennebula-sunstone
Step 10: Verifying the Installation and Accessing Sunstone UI
After OpenNebula is started for the first time, you should check that the commands can connect to the OpenNebula daemon. You can do this in the Linux CLI or in the graphical user interface: Sunstone. From CLI in the Front-end, run the following command as oneadmin:
# su -oneadmin -c "oneuser show" USER 0 INFORMATION ID : 0 NAME : oneadmin GROUP : oneadmin PASSWORD : e6a7ce61b035faf07f4d98319dd99b19912b1bed AUTH_DRIVER : core ENABLED : Yes TOKENS USER TEMPLATE TOKEN_PASSWORD="58bb386f7b00453481b40e88cda4fea99b9390e0" RESOURCE USAGE & QUOTAS
If you get an error message, then the OpenNebula daemon could not be started properly.
The OpenNebula logs are located in /var/log/one, namely:
- oned.log – Core logs. Error messages will be located here. prefixed with [E]
- sched.log – Scheduler logs are located here.
Accessing Sunstone UI
Now you can try to log in to Sunstone web interface. To do this point your browser to:
If everything is OK you will be greeted with a login page.
The user is oneadmin and the password is the one in the file /var/lib/one/.one/one_auth in your Front-end. On logging in, you should get a dashboard like below.
OpenNebula Front-end Directory structure
The following table lists some notable paths that are available in your Front-end after the installation:
||Log files, notably:
||Storage for the datastores|
||Action files for VMs (deployment file, transfer manager scripts, etc…)|
||Probes and scripts that will be synced to the Hosts|
||Virtual Machine Manager Driver scripts|
||Authentication Driver scripts|
||Information Manager (monitoring) Driver scripts|
||MarketPlace Driver scripts|
||Datastore Driver scripts|
||Networking Driver scripts|
||Transfer Manager Driver scripts|
Now that we have covered Installing OpenNebula Front-end on CentOS 7. Proceed to the next guide which is: