Question: How can I easily install R & RStudio on Debian 10 (Buster) Linux server./Desktop? R is a programming language commonly used for statistical computing and graphical representation of data.

Rstudio on the other hand is an integrated development environment for R with a variety of robust tools for plotting, viewing history, debugging and managing your workspace. Two versions of RStudio are available – open source or commercial.

Features of RStudio

  • Runs on Windows, Linux, and macOS
  • Syntax highlighting, code completion, and smart indentation
  • Integrated support for Git and Subversion
  • Execute R code directly from the source editor
  • Quickly jump to function definitions
  • Easily manage multiple working directories using projects
  • Integrated R help and documentation
  • Interactive debugger to diagnose and fix errors quickly
  • Extensive package development tools
  • Support for interactive graphics with Shiny and ggvis
  • Supports authoring HTML, PDF, Word Documents, and slide shows

By choosing the commercial edition, you get additional features such as Access to priority email support and 8 hour response during business hours (ET). Learn more about RStudio editions and features.

This article will cover installation of Open source edition of RStudio released under AGPL License.

Step 1: Update system

Like always, update system package index, and optionally upgrade all installed packages to latest.

sudo apt update
sudo apt -y upgrade

Step 2: Install R on Debian 10 (Buster)

We need to install r-base package which contains the basic R functions that let you perform arithmetic operations and basic programming in R. Use the command below to install.

sudo apt -y install r-base

Step 3: Download and Install RStudio on Debian 10 (Buster)

Now visit the  RStudio downloads page to grab the latest release of RStudio for Debian based Linux distributions.

As of this article update, the latest version is 1.2.1578.

sudo apt -y install wget
wget https://download1.rstudio.org/desktop/bionic/amd64/rstudio-1.2.1578-amd64.deb
sudo dpkg -i rstudio-1.2.1578-amd64.deb

If you encounter any dependency problems, run:

sudo apt -f install

Step 4: Launch RStudio on Debian 10 (Buster)

Launch RStudio from Applications search section of your Desktop Environment or from the terminal.

For terminal, run:

$ rstudio

Its UI looks like this.

You have installed R and Rstudio on Debian 10 (Buster) Linux distribution.

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