On fresh installation of Arch Linux, i realized that every time i insert an External hard drive or USB stick, it will mount as read only. This need to be fixed since you basically use External storage as a Backup for data and when mounted with read only permission,there is less you can do with it.
After installing Arch Linux on my Laptop, i configured Nvidia grahics card driver using
Then i set Fingerprint scanner by following
The remaining thing was to auto-mount my External Hard drive so that i could transfer files to and from it smoothly.This can be used for Ubuntu, CentOS and any other Linux distribution with variations only in group names and package to install.This guide is biased on External disk storage with NTFS partition format since it always have problems. First make sure you have usb_storage kernel module loaded.
sudo modprobe usb_storage
Since i would like to mount and access my External storage devices using standard non-root account, i have to make sure that i am a member of both wheel, disk and storage system groups.Replace josepy with your username.
sudo gpasswd -a $USER wheel sudo gpasswd -a $USER storage sudo gpasswd -a $USER disk
Additionally, make sure you’re a member of group “users”
sudo gpasswd -a $USER users
Next step is to install ntfs-3g package; which is an open source implementation of Microsoft’s NTFS file system that includes read and write support.
sudo pacman -S ntfs-3g
If you restart your computer now, External storage devices should be mounted without any problem, both NTFS, VFAT and Ext4 format systems.
Mounting NTFS partition(s) automatically and Manually
Create Mount Point
sudo mkdir -p /mnt/mountpoint sudo chown $USER /mnt/mountpoint
Replace josepy with your username. The syntax to mount is:
sudo mount -t ntfs-3g /dev/your_NTFS_partition /mount_point
Since the NTFS partition format i woud like to mount is /dev/sdb1, minw will look like below:
sudo mount -t ntfs-3g /dev/sdb1 /mnt/mountpoint
The mount command /usr/bin/mount.ntfs will be used.
NTFS partition(s) can be setup to mount automatically by specifying mount rules in static filesystem configuration (fstab) or by the use of udev rules.
sudo nano /etc/fstab
The add the line below at the end of the file.
/dev/sdb1 /mnt/mountpoint ntfs-3g uid=josepy,gid=users,umask=0022 0 0
/dev/sdb1 with your device location.
josepy with your username
/mnt/mountpoint with mount point you created before.
umask: Sets file permissions on newly created files.Default umask for root and user is 0022. With this umask,new folders have the directory permissions of 755 and new files have permissions of 644.
uid: The user id number. Specified user will have full access to the partition
gid: Group id of users with full access to partition.
To prevent NTFS entries in /etc/fstab from getting mounted automatically at boot use noauto option.
Mounting USB stick Manually and automatically
sudo mkdir /mnt/usbstick sudo chown $USER /mnt/usbstick
I will then mount it as non-root user,
sudo mount -o gid=users,fmask=113,dmask=002 /dev/sdc1 /mnt/usbstick
If you want non-root users to be able to mount a USB memory stick via fstab, add the following line to your
/dev/sdc1 /mnt/usbstick vfat josepy,noauto,noatime,flush 0 0
Remeber to substitute josepy for your username.
Now any user can mount with
sudo mount /mnt/usbstick
sudo umount /mnt/usbstick
If you would like to format Partition to NTFS, use
sudo mkfs.ntfs -Q -L Movies /dev/sb2
Movies is the Partition Label
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