The last 12 or so months were an unprecedented period in modern human history. We have not experienced anything like Covid-19 for at least a century. It has affected all people, sectors, and countries. Looking forward to 2021 may have felt an impossible task last year, but now as vaccines are being rolled out throughout the world, we can start to look more optimistically at the rest of the year.
2020 was a pivotal year for the software development industry, with various breakthroughs in various areas. The Covid-19 pandemic helped to speed up a lot of digital transformations and that trend will continue a grander scale throughout 2021.
What does 2021 have in store specifically for the world of software development? That’s what we are going to highlight in the following post.
Software Architecture – Serverless, Monoliths and Microservices Will Co-Exist
Over the last few years, microservice architecture has become the preferred choice for large-scale enterprise application development. The problem is that microservice application design is more complicated than the simple “one size is suitable for all” Monolithic-style applications.
It is thought that in 2021, all software architecture (including Serverless, Microservice, and Monolith) will all coexist because they all have their own pros, cons, and use cases.
Rapid Application Development – No Code and Low Code will Expand
The speed at which digital transformation is occurring is causing a massive gap when it comes to the supply and demand for engineers working on software. While there are still more and more developers starting to work in the industry, they are still in short supply.
Over the last few years, the no-code and low code approaches have been gaining serious momentum. In 2021, the field of no-code and low code will be very competitive with various acquisitions, mergers, and innovations happening.
AI Will Be Designed for All
Without a shadow of a doubt, one of the most exciting developments in software and technology in the last few years has been Artificial Intelligence. The introduction of the slogan AI for All has started to become more prevalent throughout the AI sector.
One of the biggest breakthroughs during 2020 was GPT-3 in the natural language processing domain. The American company, OpenAI, made the creation of human-like testing possible with Deep Learning. Within just four months, the whole world was both shocked and amazed that a Guardian (British newspaper and online news outlet) article was written entirely by a robot using GPT-3.
Scrum and agile are the best approach the software development world has come up with, not just the AI space. It encourages experimentation, smaller projects and quicker iterations to facilitate quick-paced problem-solving. The Sydney-based SWS is a great resource for agile and Scrum training that can help you commence or advance your agile career and understanding to further adapt to the modern challenges in software development and foster the team’s creative mind.
Decentralised Infrastructure: Edge Computing is Likely to See Increased Growth
Although with the Public Cloud where it is important to have a centralised data center for computing and data power, there are various situations and scenarios when it is beneficial to have the complete opposite. For instance, compute and data power near to the end-user. Some of these are for high bandwidth, low latency, and regulatory reasons, as well as real-time use cases and powerful, smart end-user devices.
Although it is not a new concept, edge computing is being used in content delivery networks and it has been gaining significant popularity recently. Thanks to the rise in connected vehicles (like drones and autonomous cars), smart devices, IoT, online gaming, and Edge AI/ML, edge computing is likely to be a huge market throughout 2021 and the years to follow. For these reasons and the rollout and subsequent rise of the 5G mobile devise.
Centralized Infrastructure: Cloud, Cloud and More Cloud
Most areas of the software development sector suffered in some shape or form and severely during Covid-19. That was, apart from Cloud computing. Which experienced a considerable increase during the coronavirus pandemic. Put it this way – if any individual or organization had uncertainties and doubts about how effective and useful cloud computing adoptions would be, Covid-19 made sure these were eliminated.
That global-scale world-effecting event showed that cloud is necessary not just for upscaling, but for downscaling successfully too. For example, when the demand for software development services has decreased considerably.
Consider the transportation and tourism industry that must maintain expensive data centres, despite the drop in their market.
There have been predictions by industry insiders that the global public cloud IT infrastructure market will be worth a staggering $120 and experience a rate of growth of around 35% during 2021.
It doesn’t matter what industry you are operating in, whether it’s banking, healthcare, agriculture, start-ups, or government, you should start making plans for cloud migration if you haven’t already done so, as the rest of the world moves onto the cloud. We will likely see a huge surge in demand, but also a shortage of cloud-native engineers during 2021 and the following years.