Web security is getting increasingly advanced and complicated thanks to the expansion of the internet and all the new technology involved. There are now various stages of web security and encryption that protect against cyber-attacks at different levels. The three main points of weakness that hackers seek to penetrate are found at application, network, and cloud levels. Most security-conscious internet users will be aware of the protection in place but may have less knowledge about what it does exactly.

SSL Encryption

In the creation of a website, developers have to consider application security and install firewalls, antivirus programs, and encryption programs to make the pages inaccessible to cyber-criminals on the hunt for users’ information.

One of the most commonly used pieces of technology for keeping user information safe at this stage is SSL (secure sockets layer) encryption. This is particularly important at sites that require users to input sensitive information such as bank details. In fiercely competitive industries, such as the online bingo sector, sites need to gain a strong reputation to attract players. All the trusted bingo sites use SSL and RSA encryption to ensure that the connection between the browser and the server is strong and secure.

This gives players peace of mind when they are inputting their personal details, and allows them to focus on the games.

Authentication and Authorization

The authorization process upon logging onto a website is becoming more common, as cyber-criminals will often use robots to attack a vast number of systems in a short space of time. This is why many sites will now ask a few simple security questions in order to ensure that the person trying to access the site is human. This is comparable to adding an extra bolt to your front door and provides a little bit of extra security.

Authentication is also growing in its usage and can be found at a lot of sites that deal with sensitive information. Users now have to go through 2-factor authentication, where they receive a code to their mobile device to use as a password. This means that even if hackers manage to steal passwords, they can’t get in without having the user’s mobile device.

Cloud Security

Encryption is used at a data input level, but there are other places at which there is potential for security breaches. The cloud is emerging as a way for millions of people to share a vast amount of data online at any time.

This is being used for online gaming, social networking, and many other industries. Naturally, with something of this scale, there are bound to be points that hackers try to target. The Cloud Security Alliance claims that the three main threats for the Cloud are Insecure Interfaces and APIs, Data Loss and Leakage, and Hardware Failure. To combat these issues, Cloud security software performs several actions including web filtering, malware scanning, dynamic content analysis, and outbreak intelligence.

Web security is coming on leaps and bounds, and developers are doing everything they can to stop hackers in their tracks. Internet users who stick to reputable and trusted sites can be sure that site owners are doing everything in their power to keep their users’ data safe.

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