The objective of this article is to show you how to install Pip 2 / Pip3 Python package manager on Debian 10 (Buster) Linux distribution. Pip is a package management system used to install and manage software packages written in Python. Pip is mostly used to install packages available in Python Package Index (PyPI). Developers can also use Pip to install modules and packages developed locally.
The default installation of Debian 10 doesn’t come with Pip. Pip can be installed on Debian 10 from the apt repository, with get-pip installer script or my manually building the application from source.
Install Pip on Debian 10 (Buster)
Before starting the installation, you need to login to your installed Debian system as a user with sudo privileges. Once in, update your system packages.
sudo apt update sudo apt -y upgrade
Before you go any further, you should have expected Python version available from your command line. Use the following command to check:
$ python -V Python 2.7.16 $ python3 -V Python 3.7.3
After the upgrade, use the following methods to install Pip on Debian 10 (Buster).
Install Pip for Python 2 on Debian 10
For Python 2 users, run the command below to install Pip on Debian 10 Linux.
sudo apt update sudo apt install python-pip
$ pip2 --version pip 18.1 from /usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/pip (python 2.7) $ pip --version pip 18.1 from /usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/pip (python 2.7)
Install Pip for Python 3 on Debian 10
If you’re working with Python 3 in your projects, then run the command below to install Pip for Python 3 in Debian 10 (Buster).
sudo apt update sudo apt install python3-venv python3-pip
If installation of Pip on Debian 10 was successful, you should be able to check the version from CLI.
$ pip3 --version pip 18.1 from /usr/lib/python3/dist-packages/pip (python 3.7)
Using Pip on Debian 10 (Buster) Linux
The most standard Python modules are distributed as Debian packages in APT repositories for Debian Linux. If the package is not available, you can use pip|pip3 command to install it globally or locally to the user environment. Let’s consider two examples of installing awscli Python package.
Install in user space
# Python 2 $ pip2 install --user awscli # Python 3 $ pip3 install --user awscli
Add the /home/$USER/.local/bin to your PATH if it doesn’t exist.
$ env | grep PATH PATH=/home/debian/.local/bin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:/bin:/usr/local/games:/usr/games
If you don’t see /home/username/.local/bin in the output, add like below.
$ nano ~/.bashrc export PATH="$PATH:/home/$USER/.local/bin" $ source ~/.bashrc $ env | grep PATH
You can then view package details
$ pip2 show awscli Name: awscli Version: 1.16.254 Summary: Universal Command Line Environment for AWS. Home-page: http://aws.amazon.com/cli/ Author: Amazon Web Services Author-email: UNKNOWN License: Apache License 2.0 Location: /usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages Requires: s3transfer, colorama, PyYAML, docutils, botocore, rsa Required-by:
Install Python Packages globally on Debian 10
If you want installed packages to be available to all users, install them globally. Examples:
# Python 2 $ sudo pip2 install awscli # Python 3 $ sudo pip3 install awscli
Installation output sample.
Standard Pip Cheat Sheet
Search for package:
pip search <packagename>
Install a package:
pip install <packagename>
Show details of a package
pip show <packagename>
Install a package in user space
pip install --user <packagename>
Upgrade a package:
pip install -r requirements.txt
List all outdated packages:
pip list --outdated
You have installed Pip on Debian 10 Linux distribution successfully. Check other guides available related to Pip/Python.