This guide will walk you through a step by step installation of Debian 10 Buster on VirtualBox, VMware, physical hardware or any other virtual environment such as KVM. My installation is from Debian DVD but the process is similar for CD installation (Minimal installation for servers).
As of this writing, Debian 10 is available for testing, it has not been released for the general public. Visit the Debian downloads page and get Debian 10 DVD iso file, create bootable USB or attach ISO file to a new VM being created in your Virtual environment.Then start to install Debian 10 buster.
For creating a bootable ISO on Linux, check our guides:
1- Boot your system from DVD or bootable USB medium and select “Graphic Install” to begin the installation of Debian 10 Buster through a graphical interface.
2 – Select Installation Language (English for most)
3 – Select your location which is used to set timezone and system locale.
4 – Set your keyboard layout.
The installer will do a number of check including content on installation media, networking, e.t.c.
5 – Set server’s hostname.
Do the same for domain name, which together will form server’s FQDN.
6 – Set root password in the next page.
7 – Add a user account for non-administrative activities.
8 – Set correct timezone.
9 – Partition disk
Here you can select guided partitioning or go with manual partitioning to use the desired scheme. If the system will only run Debian 10 operating system, you can select “Guided – use entire disk“.
In my installation, I’ll use LVM.
Select the disk used for installation.
Confirm disk and partition schemes.
Then write changes to disk.
10 – The base system installation should start.
11 – If you have additional CD or DVD for use by the apt package manager, insert them and scan, else select “No” to continue.
12 – If you have network mirror, configure it.
13 – Select Desktop environment and other utilities to install.
I’ll select “Cinnamon” DE and “SSH Server” installation. You’re free to choose your favorite Desktop environments – KDE, Gnome, Mate, Xfce e.t.c.
Wait for software installation to complete.
14 – Install Grub boot loader to MBR.
15 – Once installation is complete, boot into your new Debian 10 system.
Let’s first login as root user to add our standard user to sudo group.
Open your terminal and run the command.
sudo usermod -aG sudo username
When done, logout and log in back as standard user.
16 – Configure System apt repositories
Debian 10 has been installed successfully. We can view system details
Let’s make sure we have apt repositories configured correctly. Use the guide below.
17 – Update system and install your favorite packages.
sudo apt update sudo apt -y upgrade sudo apt -y install vim bash-completion wget curl telnet chromium
Congratulations!. You have successfully installed Debian 10 Buster on a server/Laptop or as a Virtual Machine. Until next time, check other guides on Debian.
Other guides to help you get started are: